[A]ccess to the vast storehouses of scientific research is bottled up by copyright. A small group of academic publishers, most prominently, Elsevier, Springer, and Wiley, rake in profit margins in excess of 35 percent as subscription prices for university libraries race well ahead of inflation. “Their business model [i]s a marvel,” writes copyright historian Peter Baldwin: “Sell scholarship back to the same universities whose scientists had produced, written, peer reviewed, and edited it largely for free.” An enterprising neuroscience researcher in Kazakhstan created the website Sci-Hub to breach the academic publishing paywalls for some 47 million journal articles. Predictably, the website was shut down by a US federal court in October 2015; just as predictably, the website popped up soon afterward under another name, and is also accessible on the "dark web." Thus does copyright law, established to promote science, push scientific research into the same digital underground utilized by purveyors of weapons and child pornography.